Presentation and Podcast: The Underestimated Risk of Cyber Supply Chain Attacks

Presentation:

The Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security in Potsdam, Germany regularly organises so-called PizzaSeminars, which offer participants the opportunity to discuss an interesting presentation on a current issue while enjoying a slice of pizza. Esther Kern and Alexander Szanto used the first in-person seminar of the year to present their research from the Cyberfactory#1 project: Cyberattacks on supply chains and their financial impact. The PizzaSeminar took place on the 19th of August 2021 in Berlin.

Click here to access the slides (in German).

Podcast:

The discussion from the presentation has been turned into a podcast moderated by Dr. Tim Stuchtey to be made available to those who were unable to attend the PizzaSeminar. The episode is part of the series “Sicher das? – Der BIGS-Podcast zur Sicherheitsforschung” published by the Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security.

Click here to access the podcast (in German).

Topic:

Despite the fact that there are still some serious security gaps, many companies perceive IT and cyber security now as part of their risk management. However, the quality of the technical and organizational measures and the available budget vary considerably. This is partly due to a lack of awareness of certain security issues at the decision-making levels and an assessment of the cost-benefit calculation. IT and cyber security is often not recognized in everyday work, and if it is, then only as an additional workload. What companies do perceive, however, is the damage that occurs when their own company is affected.

Dealing with supply chain attacks is not a new issue, but one that is still often underestimated. Supply chain attacks are often not taken into account in risk assessments and thus the opportunity to identify dependencies, build up suitable redundancies and better protect both interfaces and vulnerabilities of suppliers is missed.

In cyber supply chain attacks, attackers target vulnerabilities in supply chains for their malicious purposes. On December 13, 2020, FireEye reported the discovery of a widespread supply chain attack in which SolarWind’s Orion business software updates were trojanized to spread malware. ORION is an IT monitoring and management software used by the vast majority of Fortune 500 companies, as well as many government agencies. Affected entities include government agencies as well as organizations in the consulting, technology, telecommunications, healthcare and oil and gas industries on four continents. According to SolarWinds, the vulnerability is likely the result of a sophisticated, targeted and manual supply chain attack by an unknown nation-state.

Symantec reported a 78% increase in supply chain attacks in 2018 in its 2019 Internet Security Threat Report, with the top 20 observed groups being particularly active. Well-known groups such as Dragonfly have been using targeted suppliers to gain access to specific companies since 2011, with the targets in this case primarily located in the energy sector.

Against this background, BIGS, in cooperation with VTT Finland, has taken a closer look at the ecosystem of supply chains and considered the financial impact of attacks on them.

Milestone 10 and Strategy Meeting 9 in Barcelona

The CyberFactory#1 consortium has finally come to together for the first hybrid meeting on a European level since the start of the pandemic! Partners from France, Germany, Portugal, Turkey and Finland travelled to Spain for the 2-day meeting in Barcelona at PAL Robotics, while others were connected via video-call.

The first day of the meeting saw the Milestone 10 workshop on the validation of the use-cases. After being given a welcome from Jordi Pages, the Head of Intra-logistics & Retail Solutions at PAL Robotics, the consortium members followed a presentation on the integration and validation process in CyberFactory#1. Throughout the rest of the day the 10 use-cases were presented by their owners and validation demonstrations shown in presentations and videos. A highlight of the day was the interactive demonstration of the robots at PAL Robotics. On the second day the members of the consortium attended the 9th strategy meeting, which included a status updates on all open workpackages and discussions on future activities, including upcoming events and publications.

Some impressions:

 

 

 

 

Paper Presentation at the EDCC 2021

Carsten Thomas from the University of Applied Sciences Berlin (HTW) presented a paper at 17th European Dependable Computing Conference on 13-16 September 2021 in Munich, Germany. The paper titled “Service-Oriented Reconfiguration in Systems of Systems Assured by Dynamic Modular Safety Cases” was presented during the Workshop on Dynamic Risk managEment for AutonoMous Systems (DREAMS).

Access to the full text via the conference proceedings.

Authors: Carsten Thomas, Elham Mirzaei, Björn Wudka, Lennart Siefke, Volker Sommer

Astract:

The drive for automation in industry and transport results in an increasing demand for cooperative systems that form cyber-physical systems of systems. One of the characteristic features of such systems is dynamic reconfiguration, which facilitates emergent behavior to respond to internal variations as well as to environmental changes. By means of cooperation, systems of systems can achieve greater efficiency regarding fulfillment of their goals. These goals are not limited to performance, but must also include safety aspects to assure a system of systems to operate safely in various configurations. In this paper, we present a reconfiguration approach which includes consideration of dynamic modular safety cases. During operation, configuration of system of systems will adapt to changes, selecting the most appropriate service composition from the set of possible compositions derived from blueprints. Variations of service compositions lead to changes in the associated safety cases, which are evaluated at run-time and taken into account during configuration selection. With this approach, safe operation of cyber-physical systems of systems with run-time reconfiguration can be guaranteed.

 

CyberFactory#1 at the ESM 2021: Invited Talks

The CyberFactory#1 consortium is organising a second workshop at the 35th European Simulation and Modelling Conference, which will take place on October 27th-29th, in Rome. Similar to last year’s CyberFactory#1 workshop it will consist of invited talks and a paper session. This year, four speakers from our partners will give invited talks at the conference, presenting one of our use-cases and covering different aspects of the factory of the future that increase the security and optimization of production. Further information on the call for papers (late submission is open until July 15th) can be found here.

 

Invited Talks:

 

1. CyberFactory#1 – Protecting the Factory of the Future with CyberRanges and Digital Twins: the Roboshave Use-Case

Speaker: Adrien Bécue (Head of Innovation Airbus Cybersecurity, Elancourt, France)


2. Holistic Correlation of Events from increased Security and Safety of Factories of the Future

Speaker: Isabel Praça (Professor at ISEP and Researcher at GECAD, Porto, Portugal)


3. Realistic Simulation-based Fleet of cobots for FoF Optimization in Complex Scenarios

Speaker: Sergi Garcia (PAL Robotics, Barcelona, Spain)


4. CyberFactory#1 – Increasing the FoF Resilience with Modelling and Simulation Tools

Speaker: Jarno Salonen (Industrial Cybersecurity, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Tampere, Finland)


Further information on the speakers and their topics can be found here.

 

 

New CyberFactory#1 Showcase Video!

Watch this new showcase video to learn more about the work we do in our project and how our Portuguese partners SISTRADE, ISEP and IDEPA work together to create an efficient and secure Factory of the Future!

 

Join Us For Our Integration Workshop!

This workshop will provide insights into the CyberFactory#1 Use-cases. CyberFactory#1 aims at designing, developing, integrating and demonstrating a set of key enabling capabilities to foster virtualization, optimization and resilience of the Factories of the Future (FoF). It addresses the needs of 10 pilot users from Transportation, Textile, Electronics and Machine manufacturing industries around use cases such as AI-based process monitoring/optimization, continuous quality control, collaborative robotics, robot fleet optimizations or distributed manufacturing. It will also propose preventive and reactive capabilities to address cyber and physical threats and safety concerns in Factories of the Future.

The goal of this workshop is to assess the project demonstrators against user requirements including:
•           Demonstration objectives
•           Capabilities involved
•           Proposed architecture
•           Demonstration platform
•           Demonstration scenario


Date: 03. May 2021

Time: 14.00-17.15 CEST

 

14.00:             Use Cases 1-5

      • Airbus Defence and Space “Roboshave” – Real time rivet shaving control for aircraft manufacturing
      • Airbus Defence and Space “Autoclave” – Data-driven process optimization for aircraft parts forming
      • Airbus Defence and Space “Gap Gun” – Real time gaps and steps measurement data collection and analysis
      • S21Sec – Secure Manufacturing CPS monitoring on auxiliary automotive industry
      • Bittium – Cyber secure networked supply chain and information architecture

15.30:            Coffee Break


15.45:            Use- Cases 5-10

      • High Metal – Cheese making, IoT process lines and machinery
      • IDEPA – Digitized Textile production with cognitive ERP
      • Vestel – Optimizing Material Handling in PCB assembly lines
      • Alstom – Enabling robotics involvement in large system integration
      • ASTI Mobile Robotics GmbH – Simulation-based Robot fleet task allocation and optimization

17.15:            End of Workshop

 

 

Call for papers for our second CyberFactory#1 Workshop at the ESM2021!

Call for Papers to be presented at the 35th European Simulation and Modelling Conference

October 27 – October 29, 2021, Rome, Italy

2. Workshop: CyberFactory – Optimization & Resilience of Factories of the Future

This workshop focuses on the development and application of methods for modeling and simulation of CPS for the factory of the future (FoF). With the advent of Industry 4.0, digitalization and automation processes have moved into the focus of industry. The primary goal is not the optimization of a single production plant, but of the factory as a whole by the marriage of physical assets and advanced digital technologies, such as the internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) and robots. From a modeling perspective, the individual components of the factory thus become cyber-physical systems (CPS) that communicate, analyze, and act upon information, enabling more flexible and responsive production. This track focuses on the development and application of methods for modeling and simulation of CPS for the factory of the future (FoF).

The organizers invite contributions with a focus towards CPS in the FoF that describe problem statements, trends, and emerging ideas in the engineering and application of CPS in industrial production.


Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Requirements on CPS modeling for optimization and resilience of the FoF
  • Architectures for the FoF
  • Application of existing CPS models to industry: benefits and gaps
  • Usage of digital twins for optimization and resilience in the FoF
  • Data lake exploitation for the FoF
  • Models & Simulations for the identification of threats on safety and security in the FoF
  • Tool support for modeling & simulation of the FoF
  • Uncertainties and predictions in the FoF models
  • Modeling of human-machine-interaction in the FoF
  • Distributed manufacturing
  • Cyber resilience modeling for the FoF

Paper format:

Participants may submit a 5 page full paper or an 8 page extended paper (single spaced, double column) in PDF format. Paper formatting guidelines and templates can be found at https://www.eurosis.org/conf/esm/2021/submissions.html. All accepted papers will be published in the ESM’2020 Conference Proceedings.


Workshop format:

The workshop will be held as part of the European Simulation and Modeling Conference (ESM) 2021 to take place in Rome, Italy on October 27-29, 2021. It will feature peer-reviewed paper presentations organized according to the topics defined above. Papers not exceeding 8 pages must be submitted electronically via email in PDF format and must be conform to the submission guidelines.

Each submission will be reviewed by at least three members of the Program Committee and will be evaluated on the basis of originality, importance of contribution, soundness, evaluation, quality of presentation and appropriate comparison to related work. The program committee as a whole will make final decisions about which submissions to accept for presentation at the conference.


Important Dates:

Paper Submission deadline:                           Jun 25th, 2021
Notification of acceptance/rejection:      Aug 21th, 2021
Camera ready paper:                                          Sep 27th, 2021
Workshop:                                                                Oct 27th-29th, 2021


Organizers:

Adrien Bécue (Airbus Cybersecurity)
Frank Oppenheimer (OFFIS e.V.)
Ilhan Kaya (Vestel)
Ingo Stierand (OFFIS e.V.)
Isabel Praça (Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto)
Jarno Salonen (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd)
Linda Feeken (OFFIS e.V.)

Contact:
Linda Feeken, linda.feeken@offis.de

Call for Papers: Symposium on Security and Privacy in Speech Communication

Call for papers to be presented at the

1st Symposium on Security and Privacy in Speech Communication

Virtual, November 10-12, 2021

 

The first edition of the SPSC Symposium aims at laying the first building blocks required to address the question how researchers and practitioners might bridge the gap between social perceptions and their technical counterparts with respect to what it means for our voices and speech to be secure and private.

The symposium brings together researchers and practitioners across multiple disciplines – more specifically: signal processing, cryptography, security, human-computer interaction, law, and anthropology. By integrating different disciplinary perspectives on speech-enabled technology and applications, the SPSC Symposium opens opportunities to collect and merge input regarding technical and social practices, as well as a deeper understanding of the situated ethics at play.The SPSC Symposium addresses interdisciplinary topics.

For more details, see CFP.


Topics of Interest:
Topics regarding the technical perspective include but are not limited to:
  • Speech Communication
  • Cyber security
  • Machine Learning
  • Natural Language Processing
Topics regarding the societal view include but are not limited to:
  • Human-Computer Interfaces (Speech as Medium)
  • Ethics & Law
  • Digital Humanities
We welcome contributions on related topics, as well as progress reports, project disseminations, or theoretical discussions and “work in progress”.  There also is a dedicated PhD track. In addition, guests from academia, industry and public institutions as well as interested students are welcome to attend the conference without having to make their own contribution. All accepted submissions will appear in the conference proceedings published in ISCA Archive.

Submission:
Papers intended for the SPSC Symposium should be up to four pages of text. An optional fifth page can be used for references only. Paper submissions must conform to the format defined in the paper preparation guidelines and as detailed in the author’s kit. Papers must be submitted via the online paper submission system. The working language of the conference is English, and papers must be written in English.

Reviews:
All submissions share the same registration deadline (with one week of submission updates afterwards). At least three single-blind reviews are provided, we aim to get feedback from interdisciplinary experts for each submission.

Important dates:
Paper submission opens:           April 10, 2021
Paper submission deadline:     June 30, 2021
Author notification:                      September 5, 2021
Final paper submission:              October 5, 2021
SPSC Symposium:                          November 10-12, 2021

Contact:
For further details contact mail@spsc-symposium2021.de!

Webinar: Resilience Capabilities for the Factory of the Future

 

The webinar will provide insights to one of the key capabilities of CyberFactory#1: Resilience. The keynote speech is given by Sauli Eloranta, Professor of Practice at VTT, on “Industry challenge to resilience in the factory of the future”. Afterwards, experts from a number of project partners will discuss the different aspects that need to be considered for a resilient Factory of the Future. The first half focuses on access management approaches and protection of AIs. After a short Q&A, presentations are given on monitoring of the FoF and dealing with cyberattacks, followed by another Q&A.

 


Recording:

 

14.00:             Welcome

Jarno Salonen, VTT

Keynote: Industry challenge to resilience in the factory of the future

Sauli Eloranta, VTT


14.20:             How to create trust with comprehensive identity and access management

Markku Korkiakoski, Netox

Don’t make me think: an intuitive access management approach

Diogo Santos, Sistrade


14.40:             How to protect AI from manipulation attempts

Ching-Yu Kao, Fraunhofer AISEC

Aspects of preventing AI manipulation

Seppo Heikura, Houston Analytics


15.00:              Q&A


15.10:             How to enhance resilience by monitoring the FoF

Mario Brauer, Airbus CyberSecurity Germany

Monitoring different aspects of human behaviour on the shop-floor

Jorge Oliveira, ISEP


15.30:             Architectural approach to effectively detect cyberattacks

Murat Lostar, Lostar

How to remediate and recover from a cyberattack

Jari Partanen, Bittium


15.50:              Q&A


16.00              Wrap Up

Jarno Salonen, VTT

 

Keynote Speaker:

Sauli Eloranta (Professor of Practice at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland)

Sauli Eloranta, M. Sc. (Tech.), began working as Professor of Practice at VTT on 1 January 2020. Eloranta, elected the CTO of the Year in Finland in 2019, came to VTT with a long experience of promoting technology and digitisation in industry and maritime transport.

Before VTT, Eloranta acted as Head of Innovation and Technology at Rolls-Royce Marine, later Kongsberg Maritime. Eloranta earned the CTO of the Year title granted by the Federation of Finnish Technology Industries for his merits as an active influencer in the Finnish innovation scene and promotor of autonomous marine traffic. He chaired the One Sea Autonomous Maritime Ecosystem in 2016-2019. Sauli has chaired the Business Finland digital advisory board and is a member of the transport sector growth programme. In addition, he has been involved in supporting the collaboration of the private sector and societal actors.

In his role as Professor of Practice, Eloranta focuses on the overall resilience of the Finnish society. His area also covers cyber security, autonomous systems and smart transport & mobility. Recently, Sauli has given program management support to Finland´s Ministry of Economics & Employment (TEM) in establishing domestic production of face masks for public health care.

CyberFactory#1 Welcomes LISA to the Team

 

We are proud to announce that the CyberFactory#1 Consortium was joined by LISA Deutschland GmbH in February 2021. LISA Group is an internationally known company for Intelligent Systems and learning algorithms, and has extensive experinece in developing Systems for Aircraft and Space Operations.

Within the project LISA will provide an autonomous anomaly bot aimed at detecting cybersecurity anomalies to enhance production and manufacturing in the factory of the future. The bot will be used within the use cases of Airbus Defense and Space (Spain) but it can be applied to detect cybersecurity anomalies in any environment. You can read more about their addition to the project here.