Virtual Panel – CyberFactory: How to make the Factory of the Future efficient and secure?

On the 9th of December we held our virtual panel on “CyberFactory#1: How to make the factory of the future efficient and secure”. Our speakers, Adrien Bécue, İrem Hilavin and Jari Partanen, presented the project, the use-case of Vestel and aspects of FoF resilience before answering questions such as on human-machine relations or what the benefits of this project might be for companies that are not directly involved. Below you can find the presentation slides. We look forward to many more events in the new year!




As factories digitalise and adopt automation technologies, they unlock new business models, manufacturing processes and logistics methods – as well as alternative roles for the people and machines that work in the factory. At the same time, these processes result in more complex IT and OT systems, presenting novel cyber security challenges and potentially leading to dangerous new interdependencies.

Based on early results from the European research project CyberFactory#1, our panel discussed both the opportunities and challenges represented by the digitalisation and automation of factories, including what the transition towards a new factory system of systems may look like – but also the new threats that organisations may face if security and resilience are not prioritised early in the process.



Adrien Bécue, Project Leader CyberFactory#1, Head of Innovation, Airbus CyberSecurity, France

Jari Partanen, Task Leader CyberResilience, Head of Quality, Environment and Technology Management, Bittium, Finland

İrem Hilavin, Work Package Leader Integration & Validation, SW Design Architect, Vestel, Turkey



Paper Presentation at ISAmI 2020

Prof. Dr. Isabel Praça of the School of Engineering (ISEP) / Polytechnic Institute of Porto (IPP) will present a paper titled: “FullExpression – Using transfer learning in the classification of human emotions” at ISAmI 2020 – the International Symposium on Ambient Intelligence – later in October this year.

The paper addresses the topic of how emotions can be detected to pave the way for mental states like fatigue, lack of attention, or similar symptoms detection. This is ISEP background research with the intention to apply it to the capabilities of Human Machine optimization and safety capabilities of CyberFactory.

CF#1 is now part of EFFRA portal

CyberFactory#1 is now listed as a project on the European Factories of the Future Research Association (EFFRA) innovation portal. It is for now the only ITEA project that is part of the portal.

You can find more information here:

We are delighted to be in the company among these others ambitious and innovative projects!

Call for Papers: Workshop on Cyber-Physical System Modeling

Workshop on Cyber-Physical System Modeling: Applications for Industry 4.0 Optimization and Resilience – Call for Papers

In conjunction with ESM 2020, October 21 – October 23, 2020, Toulouse, France

This workshop focuses on the development and application of methods for modeling and simulation of CPS for the factory of the future (FoF).

With the advent of Smart Factory, digitalization and automation processes have moved into the focus of industry. The primary goal is not the optimization of a single production plant, but of the factory as a whole by augmenting physical assets with advanced digital technologies, such as the internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) and robots. From a modeling perspective, the individual components of the factory thus become cyber-physical systems (CPS) that communicate, analyze, and act upon information, enabling more flexible and responsive production.

The organizers invite contributions with a focus towards CPS in the FoF that describe problem statements, trends, and emerging ideas in the engineering and application of CPS in industrial production.

Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Requirements on CPS modeling for optimization and resilience of the FoF
  • Architectures for the FoF
  • Application of existing CPS models to manufacturing: benefits and gaps
  • Usage of digital twins for optimization and resilience in the FoF
  • Data lake exploitation for the FoF
  • Models & Simulations for the identification of threats on safety and security in the FoF
  • Tool support for modeling and simulation of the FoF
  • Uncertainties and predictions in the FoF models
  • Modeling of human-machine-interaction in the FoF
  • Distributed manufacturing
  • Cyber resilience modeling for the FoF

Paper format:

Participants may submit a 5-8 page full paper (single spaced, double column) in PDF format. Paper formatting guidelines can be found at All accepted papers will be published in the ESM’2020 Conference Proceedings.

Workshop format:

The workshop will be held as part of the European Simulation and Modelling Conference (ESM) 2020 to take place in Toulouse, France on October 20-23, 2020. It will feature peer-reviewed paper presentations organized according to the topics defined above. Papers not exceeding 8 pages must be submitted electronically via email (see: in PDF format and must be conform to the submission guidelines (see:

The IEEE transaction templates can be used to get a suitable layout (see:

Each submission will be reviewed by at least three members of the Program Committee and will be evaluated on the basis of originality, importance of contribution, soundness, evaluation, quality of presentation and appropriate comparison to related work. The program committee as a whole will make final decisions about which submissions to accept for presentation at the conference.

Important Dates:

Paper Submission deadline: Jun 25th, 2020

Notification of acceptance/rejection: Aug 25th, 2020

Camera ready paper: Sep 30th, 2020

Workshop: Oct 21th-23th, 2020*


Linda Feeken (OFFIS e.V.), Eva Catarina Gomes Maia (Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto),  Frank Oppenheimer (OFFIS e.V.), Isabel Praça (Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto), Ingo Stierand (OFFIS e.V.)


Linda Feeken,

Conference website:


*programme of the ESM is not yet fixed, workshop will be on one of the three conference days


Finnish Consortium with First Steps towards Improved FoF Security

When developing Factories of the Future, security is also an important aspect. CyberFactory#1 will respond to this challenge by developing a set of safety and security capabilities. One of these capabilities is cyber resilience. Although the development work has not yet started, CyberFactory#1’s Finnish partners prepared and presented a Cyber Resilience Starting Point Demo in the project review at Oulu in January.

Figure 1 A part o fthe demo set-up

Resilient communications

A key resilience function in FoF systems, including IIoT, is the ability to maintain constant connectivity to industrial control systems and other systems on a continuous basis. A single network may not provide sufficient reliability in critical manufacturin  g systems. Therefore, in order to build resilient manufacturing systems, a seamless network failover is relevant. The scenario in Figure 2 demonstrates IIoT device network switching for resilient communications.

Figure 2 Demo scenario 

Continuously up-to-date IIoT devices

A common flaw in IIoT systems is the cumbersome or non-existent update management system. Administrator needs to be provided with insight on the current rate of deployment of up-to-date and outdated devices, and with capability to monitor the update progress in real-time, using the device management console dashboards. The scenario in Figure 3 demonstrates the use of standards based device management (LWM2M) and the standard mechanism for updating IIoT gateway remotely.

Figure 3 Demo scenario for standards based device management and remote updates

Dynamic reconfiguration of IIoT devices

Dynamic security policies in IIoT devices are an important enabler for resilience of IIoT systems. Based on IIoT device produced data (and changes in certain data points) the security policy of the IIoT device gets updated from the device management server. This scenario demonstrated how dynamic reconfiguration enables the recovery from incidents and disaster situations.

The demo was created in collaboration with Bittium, Netox, VTT and Rugged Tooling, using the knowledge of each partner to create a realistic environment. “It was great to able to contribute to creating the traffic needed, and test our sensor in the mutually created environment”, says Esa from Rugged Tooling. “Bittium SafeMove® Analytics was adapted to the demo in order to demonstrate the fleet of the IIoT devices, in order to detect the devices and required updates for cyber resilient operations. We were also able to connect the system seamlessly and wirelessly with the cloud connectivity provided by Netox”” clarified Björn from Bittium.

This Starting Point Demo was a great collaboration effort and a remarkable first step towards the Kick-off of Work Package 5: FoF dynamic risk management and resilience in April 2020.

Involved Partners: Bittium, Netox, Rugged Tooling, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

Attendance of CyberFactory#1 Members at two EFFRA events in March

Project lead Adrien Bécue from Airbus CyberSecurity France and technical coordinator Prof. Dr. Isabel Praça from ISEP will attend two European Factories of the Future Research Association events on March 11th (online) and 12th (Brussels). More information below:

11 March: Digitalisation and digital platforms for manufacturing

With respect to content and scope, this event/workshop will focus on the projects associated to the call topic DT-ICT-07-2018-2019 (Digital Manufacturing Platforms for Connected Smart Factories), complemented by other key projects in this area. The main outcome and objectives of the projects will be presented, while break-out sessions will address domains such as interoperability, cybersecurity, AI, Human aspects, etc.. The set-up of the break-out sessions will be discussed with representatives of key projects prior to the workshop.
Registration -> This event will be hold remotely.

12 March: ConnectedFactories projects’ meeting

Participation at this meeting will be limited to representatives of the projects from the call topic DT-ICT-07-2018-2019 (Digital Manufacturing Platforms for Connected Smart Factories), complemented by some experts associated to key initiatives. The meeting will focus on the cooperation among projects. The meeting will be held in plenary and the agenda will be detailed in cooperation with the project key representatives.


Paper Acceptance at AUTOMATION 2020

Partners of the German Consortium* got a conference paper accepted at the AUTOMATION 2020. This year’s onference is concerned with issues around automation for the future. The paper with the title “Towards resilient Factories of Future: Defining required capabilities for a resilient Factory of Future” will be presented by the German consortium lead Matthias Glawe, Security Engineeer ICS at Airbus Cybersecurity, at the conference in Baden-Baden from June 30th – July 1st. The conference language is German, however the paper itself is written in English. Upon its availability the paper will be publically distributed.


* The following partners are collaborating for this paper: Airbus CyberSecurity GmbH, Bombardier Transportation GmbH, Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security (BIGS), Fraunhofer Institute for Applied and Integrated Security (AISEC), Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin – University of Applied Science, InSystems Automation GmbH & OFFIS e.V.

The First Year of CyberFactory#1

CyberFactory#1 has now been officially running over a year with the start of the Spanish consortium in December 2018. Here is a short overview of what has happened in the first year of CyberFactory#1.

All partners from the six countries are now funded (besides the French consortium, which remains self-funded). Partners have met internationally for five times to coordinate efforts, plan contributions and interlink the individual contribution to make it a truly collaborative project.

The first year was focused on these coordinating efforts and define the use-cases as well misuse-cases of the project. This is the base to achieve the project aims of key capabilities of the Factory of the Future (FoF) which address both opportunities and threats of the future factory system as a system of systems (SoS). Work package two (WP2) had its core the task to define new possible business models of the FoF, the use-cases of eight partners, the corresponding misuse-cases and a SoS and validation plan for the subsequent work packages. This work is close at its end and first results will be published in the following weeks.

Partners during the STG-4 meeting in Oulu 

Work is fully underway in WP3 that has as it aims to understand, model, communicate, and analyse the key aspects of the FoF and their dependencies. This involves an executable CPS models to be used as digital twins in the simulation-based evaluation, including the needed validation steps for these models, economic models, suitable to represent the interface between the FoF and its eco-system in terms of goods, services, data, and transactions, and  models of human behaviour. In a concluding step, partners will focus on the interdependencies and look at the FoF as a socio-technical system, enabling to understand the behaviour of the FoF as a result of technical, economic, and social forces applied to the factory of today. All models will kept alive throughout the project to support experiments and assessments of porject innovations.

Partners recently met in Oulu, Finland for the fourth strategic meeting. A key element of the meeting was the one-year review by ITEA, which was sucessfully held. During this meeting partner contributions to WP3 were reviewed, missing links and collaborations found. Additionally, WP4  focusing on FoF optimization and self-improvement was kicked off and tasks leaders of WP5, which focues on dynamic risk management and resilience, met to coordinate among themselves before the WP will start in a couple of weeks. The next meeting will be held in Barcelona on April 15th to 17th.



Outlook of CyberFactory#1 STG-Meeting#4

CyberFactory#1 has its fourth strategy meeting in Oulu, Finland from January 28th to 31st, 2020. Day zero focuses on working package three (WP3) “Modeling and Simulation of Factory of the Future (FoF)”. The objective is to obtain a common picture about what are the achievements of WP3 and how these results will support the subsequent WP4-WP6. Furthermore, there is a distribution of knowledge on existing frameworks / tools for the modeling and simulation as well as the identification of synergies and gaps. In the afternoon, there will also be the kick-off of WP5 “FoF dynamic risk management and resilience”. Day one will focus on the preparation of the ITEA one-year review, happening on Thursday, day two. The review will focus on the progress and first preliminary results of the first year of CyberFactory#1. Day three will focus on the management of the overall project, what inputs partners require from the others, which outputs can be expected from the ongoing WPs, and what are the next working steps.

Special Issue on Applied Sciences: “Cyber Factories – Intelligent and Secure Factories of the Future”

“The digitalization of production is open described as being another industrial revolution, with a tremendous impact on our lives as members of the workforce and as consumers. With the increase of distributed connected devices and the so-called industrial internet of things (IIoT), factories are facing a digital transformation that brings challenges concerning their efficiency, security and safety. The paradigm is now based on the transaction of data rather than on the transaction of goods.

Any connected device, whether from the shop floor or remotely from third parties, despite the valuable data from the optimization and business point of view, needs to be considered as a risk.

The aim of this Special Issue is to provide a forum for the dissemination of works in which academics and industrial practitioners discuss the opportunities and threats of the factories of the future, and how artificial intelligence can impact on them.”

Please check details for this CFP at:

Guest editor for this Special Issue on Applied Science is Prof. Dr. Isabel Praça of the School of Engineering (ISEP) / Polytechnic Institute of Porto (IPP). ISEP / IPP is one of the involved partners in CyberFactory#1.