Einladung zum Integration Workshop!

Dieser Workshop wird Einblicke in die CyberFactory#1 Anwendungsfälle geben. CyberFactory#1 zielt darauf ab, eine Reihe von Schlüsselfertigkeiten zu entwerfen, zu entwickeln, zu integrieren und zu demonstrieren, um die Digitalisierung, Optimierung und Widerstandsfähigkeit der Fabrik der Zukunft (FoF) zu fördern. Es adressiert die Bedürfnisse von 10 Pilotanwendern aus der Transport-, Textil-, Elektronik- und Maschinenbauindustrie rund um Anwendungsfälle wie zum Beispiel KI-basierte Prozessüberwachung/-optimierung, kontinuierliche Qualitätskontrolle, kollaborative Robotik, oder Optimierung von Roboterflotten. Darüber hinaus werden präventive und reaktive Fertigkeiten vorgeschlagen, um Cyber- und physische Bedrohungen sowie Sicherheitsbedenken in Fabriken der Zukunft zu minimieren.

Das Ziel dieses Workshops ist es, die Projekt-Demonstratoren anhand der Benutzeranforderungen zu bewerten:

    • Ziel der Demonstration
    • Integrierte Fertigkeiten
    • Architektur
    • Demonstrationsplattform
    • Demonstrationsszenario

Datum: 03. May 2021

Zeit: 14.00-17.15 CEST

Sprache: Englisch


14.00:             Anwendungsfälle 1-5

      • Airbus Defence and Space “Roboshave” – Real time rivet shaving control for aircraft manufacturing
      • Airbus Defence and Space “Autoclave” – Data-driven process optimization for aircraft parts forming
      • Airbus Defence and Space “Gap Gun” – Real time gaps and steps measurement data collection and analysis
      • S21Sec – Secure Manufacturing CPS monitoring on auxiliary automotive industry
      • Bittium – Cyber secure networked supply chain and information architecture

15.30:            Kaffee Pause

15.45:            Anwendungsfälle 5-10

      • High Metal – Cheese making, IoT process lines and machinery
      • IDEPA – Digitized Textile production with cognitive ERP
      • Vestel – Optimizing Material Handling in PCB assembly lines
      • Alstom – Enabling robotics involvement in large system integration
      • ASTI Mobile Robotics GmbH – Simulation-based Robot fleet task allocation and optimization

17.15:            Ende des Workshops


Towards resilient Factories of Future – Defining required capabilities for a resilient Factory of Future


Ongoing digitalization and implementation of new techniques for the Factory of Future (FoF) brings up new opportunities as well new threats that must be concerned to conciliate optimization of the supply and manufacturing chain with the need for security, safety and resilience. The CyberFactory#1 project addresses these needs by providing a framework of possible capabilities for resilient FoF environments. To further define these capabilities an approach was used to define requirements and implementation planning based on Use-Cases and Misuse-Cases to enable the development of needed capabilities for resilient FoF.

Access to Document


Matthias Glawe (Airbus CyberSecurity), Linda Feeken (OFFIS e.V.-Institut für Informatik), Ching-Yu Kao (Fraunhofer AISEC), Elham Mirzaei (InSystems GmbH), Alexander Szanto (Brandenburgisches Institut für Gesellschaft und Sicherheit), Torsten Weinhold (Bombardier), Björn Wudka (HTW Berlin)


Automation 2020, 30 June – 1 July, Baden-Baden (Online)

Cite this

Glawe, M.; Feeken, L.; Kao, C.-Y.; Mirzaei, E.; Szanto, A.; Weinhold, T.; Wudka, B.: Towards resilient Factories of Future – Defining required capabilities for a resilient Factory of Future, in: Conference Paper Automation 2020, VDI-Berichte Nr. 2375, 2020.

A New Concept of Digital Twin Supporting Optimization and Resilience of Factories of the Future


In the context of Industry 4.0, a growing use is being made of simulation-based decision-support tools commonly named Digital Twins. Digital Twins are replicas of the physical manufacturing assets, providing means for the monitoring and control of individual assets. Although extensive research on Digital Twins and their applications has been carried out, the majority of existing approaches are asset specific. Little consideration is made of human factors and interdependencies between different production assets are commonly ignored. In this paper, we address those limitations and propose innovations for cognitive modeling and co-simulation which may unleash novel uses of Digital Twins in Factories of the Future. We introduce a holistic Digital Twin approach, in which the factory is not represented by a set of separated Digital Twins but by a comprehensive modeling and simulation capacity embracing the full manufacturing process including external network dependencies. Furthermore, we introduce novel approaches for integrating models of human behavior and capacities for security testing with Digital Twins and show how the holistic Digital Twin can enable new services for the optimization and resilience of Factories of the Future. To illustrate this approach, we introduce a specific use-case implemented in field of Aerospace System Manufacturing.

Access to Document 

Adrien Bécue (AIRBUS CyberSecurity), Eva Maia (School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto (ISEP/IPP)/GECAD)), Linda Feeken (OFFIS e.V.-Institut für Informatik), Philipp Borchers (OFFIS e.V.-Institut für Informatik), Isabel Praça (School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto (ISEP/IPP)/GECAD))
Cite this

Bécue, A.; Maia, E.; Feeken, L.; Borchers, P.; Praça, I. A New Concept of Digital Twin Supporting Optimization and Resilience of Factories of the Future. Appl. Sci. 202010, 4482.

Cyber Threat Actors for the Factory of the Future


The increasing degree of connectivity in factory of the future (FoF) environments, with systems that were never designed for a networked environment in terms of their technical security nature, is accompanied by a number of security risks that must be considered. This leads to the necessity of relying on risk assessment-based approaches to reach a sufficiently mature cyber security management level. However, the lack of common definitions of cyber threat actors (CTA) poses challenges in untested environments such as the FoF. This paper analyses policy papers and reports from expert organizations to identify common definitions of CTAs. A significant consensus exists only on two common CTAs, while other CTAs are often either ignored or overestimated in their importance. The identified motivations of CTAs are contrasted with the specific characteristics of FoF environments to determine the most likely CTAs targeting FoF environments. Special emphasis is given to corporate competitors, as FoF environments probably provide better opportunities than ever for industrial espionage if they are not sufficiently secured. In this context, the study aims to draw attention to the research gaps in this area.

Access to Document 


Mirko Sailio (VTT), Outi-Marja Latvala (VTT), Alexander Szanto (Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security)

Cite this

Sailio, M.; Latvala, O.-M.; Szanto, A. Cyber Threat Actors for the Factory of the Future. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 4334.

New Business Models for the Creation of Value in the Factory of the Future

One of the main objectives of CyberFactory#1 is to devise innovative ways of delivering value to the several industry sectors involved in the project through the enhancement of optimization and resilience of the production environments. The project has recently delivered a set of new business models featuring value proposition that go beyond traditional approaches, based on the intelligent product servitization (i.e. transforming product sales into services provision), the knowledge extraction from data and the focus on intellectual property (i.e. enhancing the exploitation and protection of the industrial intellectual property).

Innovative business models for eight industry sectors

The project maps eight paradigmatic sectors and actors in the Factory of the Future (FoF) value chain, divided into two main value chain stages: users (i.e. industrial sectors which represent the end users of the new technologies and approaches developed in CyberFactory#1 – Figure 1) and suppliers (i.e. industrial sectors which provide enabling technologies to be applied in the end user activities – Figure 2).

Figure 1 – CyberFactory#1 FOF Value Chain – Users

Figure 2 – CyberFactory#1 FOF Value Chain – Suppliers

For each one of these sectors, the CyberFactory#1 developed a business model. The work, coordinated by each leading industry partner in the project, started with a rigorous analysis of the internal and external environments (including competition and market player analysis) and consolidated into a business model canvas. The business model canvas was then extended to a full-fledged business model. During this process the Cyberfactory#1 partners provided their input.

The business models were presented at the ICTurkey event in Istanbul (July 5th 2019) by the project coordinator, further raising the interest in the project of potential external partners, in particular concerning the application and exploitation of the project technologies.

Data, as a base for services

The “factory of the future” paradigm envisions a production environment in which massive amounts of data flow bottom-up from the shop floor to the highest levels of the management. This data yields a great value since it contains useful information that can be used to increase efficiency and performance as well as to enhance decision-making. However, this amount of data flow needs to be secure from unintended use and has to be trustable.

The new business models focus on the exploitation of data to extract valuable information and insights in order to make it an integral part of the transformation of products into services. Thereby they are providing increased value to industrial organizations and their customers. The exploitation of data lakes is at the core of the CyberFactory#1 business models.

Data exploitation is the key to more profitable business models based on service provision, which relies on continuous flow of value to customers instead of discrete product sale transactions (i.e. sales of distinct items). The continuous flow of value is provided through the “as-a-service” paradigm, meaning that high value services can be provided in a continuous way. Intelligence “as-a-service” can be provided through on-demand knowledge discovery from data, as well as Artificial Intelligence as-a-service (for example, provision of on-demand insight reports regarding production optimization). Management applications such as Enterprise-Resource-Planning (ERPs) and security platforms can benefit from the enhanced data value exploitation and themselves can also be provided “as-a-service” (for example, manufacturing management-as-a-service).

Lower adoption costs, greater flexibility, higher value

Servitization supports new revenue streams as it also empowers per-mile or plafond billing, flat rates or “per call” billing. This lowers the adoption costs, decreases risks both for producers and consumers and grants higher flexibility as well as scalability. This means that organizations become more capable and efficient of reacting to changes in markets.

Enhanced security also empowers service-based paradigms, as they rely on more frequent exchanges of data flows between value chain actors. Ensuring security and trust between actors makes the value chain more resilient and capable of delivering value even in the advent of internal or external cyberattacks, as well as protecting intellectual property and business-crucial information. This is especially important to enhance the protection against counterfeiting goods, to strengthen brand and to protect IP-driven competitive advantages.

Higher flexibility also opens the door for customization services (“mass customization”), allowing both industrial suppliers and users to lower production costs while being able to satisfy ever-changing customer requirements. Intelligent servitization based on data exploitation, higher flexibility, enhanced security and trust leverage the value creation in the next-generation industrial organizations, specifically in key sectors of the European industry.

Bringing benefits to European Industry

By focusing on core sectors of the European Industry, the CyberFactory#1 project also aims to build a community of manufacturing companies which can partner up with the project consortium and get involved.  This is an excellent way of strengthening ties, sharing knowledge and raise awareness regarding the benefits of the several developments, including being part of enhanced value chains and considering new approaches to market and value creation.

Authors: João Mourinho, Innovation Manager, Sistrade Software Consulting & Américo Nascimento, Research/Consultant, Sistrade Software Consulting


Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains


Today there are numerous Factories of the Future initiatives delivering different Industry 4.0 applications to manufacturing industry supply chains. However, in the future, Factory of the Future is not going to be a simple manufacturing asset, nor a sum of isolated assets. Instead, it will comprise a network of factories, which is considered in a System of Systems approach. The current challenge is to propose novel architectures, technologies and methodologies to optimize the level of efficiency and security of this System of Systems in a context where every step towards digitization exposes the manufacturing process to a widening array of cyber threats. This paper discusses about the management of cyber threats in System of Systems operations and supply chains. The next generation System of Systems are using different technologies with the combination of human aspects from workers, managers, entrepreneurs and decision makers. In addition, economically there are limitations on how much to invest on different technologies and human aspects. In addition, monetary and financial flows are under the burden of cyber risks. This study will therefore embrace the technical, economic and human dimensions at once. This study is based on a European-wide multi-national research project, the aim of which is to define – through different use-cases – the preventive and reactive capabilities to address cyber and physical threats and safety concerns in System of Systems. The study indicates different cyber challenges related to the future manufacturing business and operational models, with a special attention on “as-a-service” business model. The paper also indicates initial managerial and practical views on the management of cyber threats in future business models.

Access to Document



Jukka Hemilä (VTT), Markku Mikkola (VTT), Jarno Salonen (VTT)


9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, OSCM 2019 – RMIT University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Duration: 15 Dec 2019 → 18 Dec 2019
Conference number: 9

ISBN (Electronic)


Cite this

Hemilä, J., Mikkola, M., & Salonen, J. (2019).
Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019 Vietnam.