Präsentationen auf der FPS2021 und der ICITST-2021

Im Dezember 2021 haben zwei unserer projektpartner an weiteren Konferenzen teilgenommen. Kollegen von ISEP präsentierten am 9. Dezember in Paris auf dem 14th International Symposium on Foundations & Practice of Security die Publikation “Comparative Analysis of Machine Learning Techniques for IoT Intrusion Detection”. In der gleichen Woche präsentierten unsere Kollegen von VTT auf der 16th International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions einen “Review on Cybersecurity Threats Related to Cyber Ranges“.

Die Tagungsbände werden hier verlinkt, sobald sie veröffentlicht sind.

Titel: Comparative Analysis of Machine Learning Techniques for IoT Intrusion Detection

Autoren: João Vitorino, Rui Andrade, Isabel Praça, Orlando Sousa and Eva Maia

Zusammenfassung: The digital transformation faces tremendous security challenges. In particular, the growing number of cyber-attacks targeting Internet of Things (IoT) systems restates the need for a reliable detection of malicious network activity. This paper presents a comparative analysis of supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning techniques on nine malware captures of the IoT-23 dataset, considering both binary and multi-class classification scenarios. The developed models consisted of Support Vector Machine (SVM), Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), Light Gradient Boosting Machine (LightGBM), Isolation Forest (iForest), Local Outlier Factor (LOF) and a Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) model based on a Double Deep Q-Network (DDQN), adapted to the intrusion detection context. The best performance was achieved by LightGBM, closely fol- lowed by SVM. Nonetheless, iForest displayed good results against unknown at- tacks and the DRL model demonstrated the possible benefits of employing this methodology to continuously improve the detection. Overall, the obtained results indicate that the analyzed techniques are well suited for IoT intrusion detection.

Titel: Review on Cybersecurity Threats Related to Cyber Ranges

Autoren: Sami Noponen, Juha Pärssinen and Jarno Salonen

Zusammenfassung: Cyber ranges are often used to enhance the cybersecurity posture of a company by training relevant skills. These environments are traditionally used to host exercises that simulate cybersecurity scenarios, improve the cybersecurity skills of employees and enhance the security of networks and processes. By using digital twins, it is possible to organise cyber range trainings also to the critical infrastructure sector. However, in the aforementioned sector it is important to consider the cybersecurity of these environments themselves as they often may handle company-specific confidential information. This study presents several cybersecurity related threats and challenges that cyber ranges may face during different phases of use. Cyber threats may be exposed to the actual systems that the ranges are meant to protect if these issues are not taken into consideration and mitigated. Malicious attackers may use the information in the cyber range to learn the weaknesses in the actual system. We approach the subject by reviewing the relevant literature, which is currently very limited especially when looking at the cybersecurity issues of cyber ranges. We divide the subject into the different phases of cyber range development and use, and also discuss relevant cloud security issues. Finally, we present actions to mitigate the identified cybersecurity threats and issues in cyber ranges when using them for training and awareness activities. 

Call for Papers: Workshop on Cyber-Physical System Modeling

Workshop on Cyber-Physical System Modeling: Applications for Industry 4.0 Optimization and Resilience – Call for Papers

In conjunction with ESM 2020, October 21 – October 23, 2020, Toulouse, France

This workshop focuses on the development and application of methods for modeling and simulation of CPS for the factory of the future (FoF).

With the advent of Smart Factory, digitalization and automation processes have moved into the focus of industry. The primary goal is not the optimization of a single production plant, but of the factory as a whole by augmenting physical assets with advanced digital technologies, such as the internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) and robots. From a modeling perspective, the individual components of the factory thus become cyber-physical systems (CPS) that communicate, analyze, and act upon information, enabling more flexible and responsive production.

The organizers invite contributions with a focus towards CPS in the FoF that describe problem statements, trends, and emerging ideas in the engineering and application of CPS in industrial production.

Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Requirements on CPS modeling for optimization and resilience of the FoF
  • Architectures for the FoF
  • Application of existing CPS models to manufacturing: benefits and gaps
  • Usage of digital twins for optimization and resilience in the FoF
  • Data lake exploitation for the FoF
  • Models & Simulations for the identification of threats on safety and security in the FoF
  • Tool support for modeling and simulation of the FoF
  • Uncertainties and predictions in the FoF models
  • Modeling of human-machine-interaction in the FoF
  • Distributed manufacturing
  • Cyber resilience modeling for the FoF

Paper format:

Participants may submit a 5-8 page full paper (single spaced, double column) in PDF format. Paper formatting guidelines can be found at All accepted papers will be published in the ESM’2020 Conference Proceedings.

Workshop format:

The workshop will be held as part of the European Simulation and Modelling Conference (ESM) 2020 to take place in Toulouse, France on October 20-23, 2020. It will feature peer-reviewed paper presentations organized according to the topics defined above. Papers not exceeding 8 pages must be submitted electronically via email (see: in PDF format and must be conform to the submission guidelines (see:

The IEEE transaction templates can be used to get a suitable layout (see:

Each submission will be reviewed by at least three members of the Program Committee and will be evaluated on the basis of originality, importance of contribution, soundness, evaluation, quality of presentation and appropriate comparison to related work. The program committee as a whole will make final decisions about which submissions to accept for presentation at the conference.

Important Dates:

Paper Submission deadline: Jun 25th, 2020

Notification of acceptance/rejection: Aug 25th, 2020

Camera ready paper: Sep 30th, 2020

Workshop: Oct 21th-23th, 2020*


Linda Feeken (OFFIS e.V.), Eva Catarina Gomes Maia (Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto),  Frank Oppenheimer (OFFIS e.V.), Isabel Praça (Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto), Ingo Stierand (OFFIS e.V.)


Linda Feeken,

Conference website:


*programme of the ESM is not yet fixed, workshop will be on one of the three conference days